Lined Seahorse

Lined Seahorse (Hippocampus erectus) as seen in our Sea & Me exhibit.

The intriguing seahorse is part of the Family Syngnathidae which includes pipefish. These are atypical fish that have bodies encased by bony rings, tubular snouts and toothless mouths. Male seahorses and pipefish have brooding pouches into which females deposit their eggs for fertilization. The males then carry the young until they are reared. The seahorse is a poor swimmer due to its small, weak fins. Instead, they rely on their natural coloring and body forms to hide themselves from predators among eel grass and other aquatic plant life. The Lined Seahorse is generally brown, gray or dark red in color with a fan-shaped dorsal fin and prehensile tail.

Range & Habitat

The Lined Seahorse can be found all along the Atlantic coast of North America from Nova Scotia south to Venezuela. They are found in shallow tropical and temperate waters, usually hiding among seagrass, reefs or mangroves in order to protect themselves from predators.

Conservation Status